Price Action in Forex – Basic Guide for Beginners

Mar 16, 2020

Forex trading is not something you treat lightly. Several factors affect the market, such as news, actions of traders, and many more. That’s why you need to follow events like politics, economic stats, and the overall mood of the market. But there is another solution available that is known as price action trading, also commonly known as trading without indicators.

What is Price Action in Forex?

The movement of security price plotted over time is called price action in Forex trading. This movement is analyzed with regard to price changes in the recent past. To be more precise, price action is a Forex discipline that allows traders to analyze the market and make decisions based on the actual and recent price movements instead of relying entirely on technical indicators. The primary tool that most forex traders use for price action are charts of currency pairs and their patterns. Traders analyze these currency pair charts and predict future fluctuations.

One of the most helpful indicators in price action is the moving average. You can trade without it, but it helps traders calculate market levels and determine currency trends.

Price Action Candlesticks & How to Read Them

If you are a Forex trader, then you might be familiar with how crucial the candlesticks are. They are considered the core elements of charts. The candlestick comprises two parts:

  1. Body;
  2. Shadow.

The body part of the stick depicts the opening and closing price. The color of the candlestick represents the direction of the price movement. The shadow part of the stick indicates the minimum & maximum price during the existence of the candlestick.

Modes of Candlesticks

Candlesticks in financial charts have three modes:

  1. Bullish;
  2. Neutral;
  3. Bearish.

Traditional vs. New Representation of Candlesticks

As far as conventional financial charts are concerned, bullish candlesticks were represented as white, while the bearish ones were black. Nowadays, modern software uses different colors and allows traders to set them as per their requirements.

What Are Price Action Trends & How to Determine Them?

Price action trends are the movements of the market within a specific period. The trend of the market can be ascending or descending. If there is a series of increasing maximums & minimums, then it is an ascending trend. While if there is a series of decreasing maximums or minimums, it is called a descending trend.

Trend Breakout

Change of trend, either in ascending or descending manner, is called trend breakout. In an ascending trend, the price below the last minimum is a signal of the upcoming change of trend. While in a descending trend, the price below the previous maximum is the signal of change into an ascending one. This change is called a trend breakout.

What is the Best Time to Enter the Price Action Trend?

In Forex, the best time to enter a trend is during the correction. Correction is the movement that is against the trend. You can also join the trade during consolidation. Consolidation is the flat movement of a price. Don’t ever try to enter while the price is at its peak.

What Are the Price Action Patterns?

There are several chart patterns to describe. Let’s have a look at them one by one.

Triangle

A triangle is formed when the resistance and support lines cross over. There are four different types of Forex price action triangles:

  1. Ascending Triangle;
  2. Descending Triangle;
  3. Symmetrical Triangle;
  4. Expanding Triangle.

Bullish Mode – When the candlesticks close above the opening price. Neutral Mode – If the candlesticks close at the same level. Bearish Mode – If the candlesticks close below the opening price.

tringle

Flag

When the support and resistance lines move parallel to each other, it is known as the flag pattern. It can be:

  1. Rectangular;
  2. Ascending;
  3. Descending.
flag

Top 11 Price Action Trading Strategies for All Traders

Price action trading strategies help even beginners to trade safely with maximum profitable rates. Below, we are going to mention some of the best price action trading strategies for you.

Strategy 1 – Trendline Trading Strategy

Trendline is one of the straightforward, simple, and easy-to-use price action strategies. The key to this strategy is the fact that “The stock price responds and bounces back to the trendlines.” So if you are familiar with how to draw stock trendlines, it will be easy for you to predict when the stock price will bounce back. You can easily trade based on that information. Simply make sure that when utilizing a trendline trading strategy, you must be well aware of drawing the trendlines. Another important note is that the more occasions a line is tried, the more well-suited it is to break, even when you are targeting for a short period of time. Likewise, it is very typical for a pattern line to break and afterward be retested from the opposite side. And if you observe the stock price is pulling/bouncing back, don’t be frightened as it is only an example of price patterns.

Strategy 2 – Trendline Breakout Forex Trading Strategy

Trendline breakout is another trading strategy that works well if you use it with strategy 1. It is the reciprocal of trendline trading. Consider having a trendline on stock price, and you’ve been hoping to remove continuation trades from it:

  1. With this strategy, you are trading with the ups or downs on the trendline. This implies that the stock price regards the trendline.
  2. With trendline breakout, the rules and regulations become possibly the most important factors when the trendline is intersected or broken by the stock price.
  3. This implies that the present pattern has now changed, so you should be hoping to leave the trades that rely on the trendline forex trading strategy. Now, you should open a trade in the opposite manner. And that is the essence of the trendline breakout strategy.

Strategy 3 – Support and Resistance Forex Trading Strategy

If you are looking for the simplest and universal trading strategy, then you must go with support and resistance. This trading strategy is highly applicable not only to Forex but also to any other market in the world. Professional traders are always keeping their eyes on the support and resistance levels to see how the price is going to behave. They monitor if the market will soon bounce off, and the stock price is going to reverse or head up or down to the level of resistance. At that moment, they decide to dive into the market with new orders. “The key element of this forex trading strategy is price action analysis.”

Strategy 4 – Support Level Breakout Forex Trading Strategy

Say, you were keeping an eye on the support level but it didn’t hold, so you’re unable to use the support and resistance strategy. Here comes another trading strategy for you, and this method helps you trade the break of the support. One of the best features of this Forex trading strategy is that there will be times you will get the change from the uptrend to the downtrend once the major support level of the stock has broken. By using this type of strategy, you can easily end up making a significant portion of your profit at the end of your financial period.

Strategy 5 – Resistance Level Breakout Price Action Forex Trading Strategy

At the point when the resistance level of the stock has broken, the price of the stock tends to move up and could be focusing on new highs. Or if the support level is going to break, then you might observe the downward trending of the market turning over into an upturn. This strategy will show you identical levels of both breaking and holding. Most of the time, however, it will be covered up in the everyday price action forex trading. Therefore, you are left with very little time to monitor these patterns to set your Forex trading up.

Strategy 6 – Trading Strategy for All Timeframes

This is one of the best Forex price action strategies that is highly suitable for all timeframes. The key element of this strategy is the support and resistance level. And commonly, it is called Forex Price Action Trading.

  1. Indicators: Price Action Forex Trading;
  2. Timeframe: Any;
  3. Pair of Currency: Any.

Rules of Trading Strategy for All Timeframes

Selling:

For a selling setup, the support level must be broken first, and then you must see the price move down for some time. After that, it will start rising again to test the broken level of support. To enter the trade, you can either set up:

  1. Sell limit order;
  2. Instant market order;
  3. Sell stop order.

Stop Loss: Set up the stop loss just 3 to 5 pips above the highest candlestick of the broken support level. Profit Target: find the distance in the pips from the support level to the raising point. Take that pip and multiply that by 2 or 3. It will give you how many pips you are required to set to make a profit.

profit target

Buying:

To buy a stock, the resistance level must be broken first. After that, the price will start moving up for some time, and then it will start falling to test the broken resistance level. To enter the trade, you can either set up:

  1. Buy limit order
  2. Instant market order
  3. Buy stop order

Stop Loss: Set up the stop loss just 3 to 5 pips below the highest candlestick of the broken resistance level. Profit Target: Find the distance in the pips from the resistance level to the falling point. Take that pip and multiply that by 2 or 3. It will give you how many pips you are required to set to make a profit.

buying

Strategy 7 – Daily Pin Bar Price Action Forex Trading Strategy

The daily pin bar is one of the most appealing and beneficial trading strategies if you love trading on daily candlesticks and especially the pin bars. Many of us are well familiar with the fact that reversal candlesticks are great powerful pin bars when they form around the resistance and support level area. If the low or high levels of the pin bars break, the market will start moving toward the breakout. This breakout will increase exponentially. With this forex trading strategy, you can make a lot of profitable trades.

Strategy 8 – 123 Forex Price Action Trading Strategy

123 Forex Trading Strategy is entirely based on price action and the basic structure of the Forex market. In any market, there are patterns of extreme highs and extreme lows. The following chart depicts the concept behind the 123 strategy.

Forex Price Action Trading Strategy

Point 1 – When the uptrend of the market pulls back, it will switch to low. From that low point, the price of the stock starts to rally (the rally is a period of sustained increases in the prices of stocks). Point 2 – Point 2 in the 123 trading strategy acts as potential resistance for a very short period. From that point, the price starts falling back in the direction of Point 1. You don’t want to see the price falling all the way down to 1. In case it reached that value again, we will consider it Double Bottom Chart Pattern and will start treating it accordingly. Point 3 – This price level is considered similarly to Point 1 if and only if the price at Point 2 is broken. This is the level where all the corrective moves complete, and the price reversal to the upside starts.

Strategy 9 – Railway Tracks Chart Pattern Price Action Forex Trading Strategy

Here comes another interesting strategy where you will see two candlesticks similar in length but the opposite in terms of intentions. One of them is bullish, and the other is bearish. Whenever you notice railway tracks, the trend of the market is going to change. Moreover, if you see this form of pattern in resistance and support level, get ready to trade.

Strategy 10 – Multi-Timeframe & 123 Forex Trading Strategy

Multi-timeframe means that you are using several combinations of timeframes to watch a setup, and the actual trade is in a much smaller timeframe. We are going to discuss the trendline trading strategy of selling that has fetched up 100’s of profitable pips with extreme ease. But it is a 4-hour timeframe. Let’s have a look:

  1. What happened in the last 15-minute timeframe?
  2. What happened in the last 5-minute timeframe?

4-HOUR CHART

4 hour chart

15-MINUTE CHART

15 minute chart

5 MINUTE CHART

15 minute chart

Notice that just after the price hit the trendline, it starts falling. After that, it tries to rise to test the trendline, but 3 never went past 2. That’s is the reason it is a valid 123 Forex Trading pattern. One of the reasons why most traders like this strategy is that you have a distinct area of stop-loss, and entry in the trade is calculated by using the breaking of support and resistance.

Strategy 11 – Inside Bar Price Action Forex Trading Strategy

This strategy doesn’t need any other indicators as it is entirely based on the Price Action Trading Method.

  1. Pair of Currency: Any;
  2. Timeframes: 4-hour or daily timeframes are preferred;
  3. Forex Indicators: Price Action.

What is Inside Bar?

  1. Inside bar is the formation of 2 candlesticks.
  2. The first candlestick in the formation is called the Mother Candlestick
  3. The second candle just after the Mother Candlestick is called the Inside Bar and is engulfed entirely within the highs and lows of the Mother’s shadow.

Look at the image shown below to see what the Inside bar Candlestick Formation looks like:

what is inside bar

The Mother Candlestick can either be:

  1. Bullish
  2. Bearish

The inside bar can also be either:

  1. Bullish
  2. Bearish

A breakout of the high or low within the bar regularly pushes the market toward breakout. The key element to this trading strategy is that it must be set up in an area where you can see an imbalance in demand and supply. You can look for these areas by using 123 trading patterns.

How to Manage Price Action Forex Risks?

You must know how to manage your risks. Keep in mind how to correlate risks with your profits and losses. Let’s have a look at the table shown below.

Price Action in Forex – Basic Guide for Beginners

The table clearly explains that the more you lose, the harder it will be for you to get back. That’s why you must be aware of how much loss you can afford. One of the best strategies is to limit your order with just 2% of your capital. It is not the safest, but it will maximize your chances to get back your loss. If you are starting to trade with a small capital, then it is highly recommended to do it with cents.

If you like this strategy, you might also be interested in this Harmonic Pattern Trading Strategy

Conclusion

All in all, price action trading is a general form of trading without any indicators. It helps traders analyze the market with the help of price charts and candlestick patterns. Here are the main pros and cons.

Price Action Advantages

  1. No need for any expert advisors and expensive tools.
  2. Easy to understand the basics and analyze any currency pair.
  3. Trade with delayed orders minimizes the risk.

Price Action Disadvantages

  1. Price action traders skip the understanding of the market.
  2. You may have precise instructions on when to close or open.
  3. You don’t try to predict the actions of other participants.
Are you using price action strategies that weren’t on the list? If yes, then it is no wonder, really. There is a wealth of various strategies out there, all of which are useful in certain situations. This article is just the tip of the iceberg, so stay tuned for more!
author

NSBroker Analytics Team

Expert Traders From NSBroker specialize in forex trading and have been successfully helping people profit from the markets for the past 9 years. Our traders consistently blog about the state in which the markets are at. Learn how to profit via forex trading with NsBroker.